|Title||Assessing the role of hydrogen in Fermi-level pinning in chalcopyrite and kesterite solar absorbers from first-principles calculations|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Varley J.B, Lordi V., Ogitsu T., Deangelis A., Horsley K., Gaillard N.|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physics|
Publshed on March 7th, 2018. Understanding the impact of impurities in solar absorbers is critical to engineering high-performance in devices, particularly over extended periods of time. Here, we use hybrid functional calculations to explore the role of hydrogen interstitial (Hi) defects in the electronic properties of a number of attractive solar absorbers within the chalcopyrite and kesterite families to identify how this common impurity may influence device performance. Our results identify that Hi can inhibit the highly p-type conditions desirable for several higher-band gap absorbers and that H incorporation could detrimentally affect the open-circuit voltage (Voc) and limit device efficiencies. Additionally, we find that Hi can drive the Fermi level away from the valence band edge enough to lead to n-type conductivity in a number of chalcopyrite and kesterite absorbers, particularly those containing Ag rather than Cu. We find that these effects can lead to interfacial Fermi-level pinning that can qualitatively explain the observed performance in high-Ga content CIGSe solar cells that exhibit saturation in the Voc with increasing band gap. Our results suggest that compositional grading rather than bulk alloying, such as by creating In-rich surfaces, may be a better strategy to favorably engineering improved thin-film photovoltaics with larger-band gap absorbers.
'doi: 10.1021/acsenergylett.0c01132\n - I.Am.Hydrogen' '\n - jyoungstrom' 'Jason thinks this is great.\n \n - jyoungstrom' '\n - estechel'
Assessing the role of hydrogen in Fermi-level pinning in chalcopyrite and kesterite solar absorbers from first-principles calculations
Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 08/13/2020 - 12:25